What is SIBO? The Symptoms and Treatment
So what is SIBO? the symptoms and treatment – Under normal circumstances, the small intestine has significantly fewer bacteria than the colon or large intestine. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is a disorder which occurs when there is excessive bacteria growth within the small intestine. Some people are more at risk of developing SIBO. People who are more likely to experience bacterial overgrowth include those who have problems with motility in the small intestine, immune system disorders and conditions that encourage the movement of bacteria from the large intestine to the small intestine. SIBO is linked to other disorders – irritable bowel syndrome, fibromyalgia, and rosacea.
What are the symptoms of SIBO?
When you experience an overgrowth of bacteria in the small intestine, a variety of symptoms may result. Diagnosis of SIBO is often very difficult since the symptoms are similar to those of many other conditions. Malabsorption of nutrients is the main cause of SIBO symptoms, either because of inflammation of the small intestine or nutrients being metabolized.
The main symptoms include nausea, constipation or diarrhea, bloating, flatus, fatigue and weakness, abdominal pain or discomfort and abdominal distension. In some people, weight loss can also be a symptom if there is increased permeability in the small intestine. In children, malnutrition can result affecting their normal growth. A condition called steatorrhea can also occur, where fats are not properly digested which can lead to incontinence.
In the long term, if you have SIBO and it goes untreated, other conditions may result. These include anemia from the malabsorption of iron and vitamin B.
What treatment is available?
In order to successfully treat the condition, you first need to know what is causing the small intestinal bacterial overgrowth. This makes it very difficult to treat since there is a range of possible cause for the condition.
Once you have identified the cause, it’s important to restore lost nutrients with a healthy diet and nutritional supplements. Spreading your meals throughout the day into smaller quantities can also help. This can be followed by probiotic supplements to help restore bacteria levels in the small intestine.
Most commonly, SIBO is treated with a week-long course of antibiotics, to reduce a number of bacteria in the small intestine. In patients that require long-term treatment the problem of antibiotic tolerance becomes a problem. For this reason, there are also herbal remedies that can help treat SIBO.
Read More On What SIBO is & The Symptoms and Treatment
- All you need to know about Sibo
- 10 Signs you have a small intestine bacterial growth
- Sibo- what causes it and why is it so hard to treat
- An Epic Guide To Sibo
- SIBO overview